Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014, Page: 59-64
Bauxite Enrichment by Microwave-Magnetising Roasting Using Sawdust as Reducing Agent
Grace Ofori-Sarpong, Mineral Engineering Department, University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa, P. O. Box 237, Ghana
Charles Ebenezer Abbey, Mineral Engineering Department, University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa, P. O. Box 237, Ghana
Richmond Komla Asamoah, Mineral Engineering Department, University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa, P. O. Box 237, Ghana ; Ian Wark Research Institute, The ARC Special Research Centre for Particle and Material Interfaces, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, Adelaide, SA 5095, Australia
Richard Kwasi Amankwah, Mineral Engineering Department, University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa, P. O. Box 237, Ghana
Received: Aug. 8, 2014;       Accepted: Aug. 22, 2014;       Published: Sep. 10, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajche.20140205.11      View  2701      Downloads  301
As high grade bauxite is getting depleted in several parts of the world, bauxite with high iron content is becoming increasingly important, and this trend has called for studies into the reduction of iron in bauxite. This study investigated the use of microwave energy in the magnetising roasting of high-iron bauxite using sawdust as reducing agent. Mineralogical studies revealed gibbsite and goethite as the main constituents of bauxite. The sawdust utilised had a fixed carbon content of 7.2% and ash, 1.7%. Microwave heating responses of bauxite and sawdust were determined as a function of mass and time, and both materials proved to be active microwave absorbers as they heated rapidly. Magnetising roasting of the bauxite sample was conducted with 20-40% sawdust at temperatures between 870oC and 880oC. After magnetic separation, the major phase in the magnetic fraction was magnetite, while gibbsite and boehmite were the major phases in the non-magnetic fraction. The alumina content of the non-magnetic fraction increased to 87.5% from an as-received sample grade of 53.6%. The use of sawdust in this manner satisfies a dual role of environmental clean-up and bauxite enrichment.
Bauxite, Sawdust, Microwaves, Magnetic Separation
To cite this article
Grace Ofori-Sarpong, Charles Ebenezer Abbey, Richmond Komla Asamoah, Richard Kwasi Amankwah, Bauxite Enrichment by Microwave-Magnetising Roasting Using Sawdust as Reducing Agent, American Journal of Chemical Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 59-64. doi: 10.11648/j.ajche.20140205.11
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